A dinner party can bring out the worst in people. At least, that’s what happens in Disgraced, a new play by Broadway newcomer Ayad Akhtar, currently playing at the Lyceum Theatre.
Akhtar’s provocative work, the winner of the 2013 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, is set in a chic New York Upper East Side apartment. It’s the home of Amir, a successful Pakistani American corporate lawyer (Hari Dhillon), and Emily, his white American artist wife (Gretchen Mol). The play’s central event is a dinner party they host for another couple — Jory (Karen Pittman), Amir’s African American colleague at his law firm, and her boyfriend, Isaac (Josh Radnor), a Jewish art curator who may be able to advance Emily’s career. The evening is just what you might expect in this milieu — inviting surroundings, witty conversation — but beneath the sophisticated veneer lie turbulent currents that will cause a shocking breach, the fault lines of which can be traced back to ancient tribal identities long forgotten or deliberately ignored.
“Amir represents a fundamental tension: He is somebody who has been brought up in one direction and is working consciously as an agent of the enlightenment in the opposite direction,” says the playwright. “Everybody at the table has this tension, and when push comes to shove, things devolve to a point where the tribal fealties reveal themselves, basically, in everybody’s character.”
Prior to Disgraced — his first work for the stage — Akhtar cowrote and played the leading role in The War Within, a 2005 movie that attempts to get inside the mind of a suicide bomber. He also published a novel, American Dervish, about a Pakistani American boy growing up in the Midwest. The impetus for the play, he explains, came from an epiphany he had at a real-life dinner party in 2006. “Something subtle happened that night, which was a conversation about Islam that shifted relationships in this microscopic but very palpable way.” Some three years after the actual event, Akhtar realized that he had an idea for a play, although in Disgraced, the shift in relationships is more dramatic, even seismic. At its core was “a growing understanding of the ways in which identity politics had been a very important part of my life without me realizing it,” says the 43-year-old playwright.
The son of two doctors who immigrated to America from Pakistan in the mid-1960s, Akhtar says that, as a kid growing up in a Milwaukee suburb, he had assumed that differences of race and religion didn’t matter. “My dad brought me up to believe that your difference is only going to hold you back to the extent that you allow it. We were a football house, and as long as you liked the Green Bay Packers you were fine,” he adds, laughing. “So long as you shared enough of the common community values, I don’t think there was an issue — at least back then. Now there is a huge Muslim community, not just Pakistani but other nationalities as well,” he continues. “When I was 10, the first mosque opened and it was a big deal. Now there are six in the greater Milwaukee area, so, therefore, with greater visibility, in a post-9/11 landscape, the politics are very different.”
Aside from the actual dinner party, Akhtar says, he also long harbored a desire to write a story that was set among the affluent intelligentsia of New York. He wanted to capture the way he used to feel as a college student watching the Woody Allen movies of the mid-1980s, he explains. “I was kid from the so-called provinces who’d come to the big city, and for whatever reason Woody Allen seemed like an instruction manual. It was thrilling — like being part of a world that I could never get access to.” He says he was also influenced by the work of several notable Jewish American writers and artists. “I think I started to understand my place in American life by reading, first, Chaim Potok, then Phillip Roth and Saul Bellow, then came Woody Allen, Mike Nichols, Larry David, and Jerry Seinfeld. All of that stuff helped me to situate my own understanding of what I would later come to describe, for better or worse, as the Muslim community experience.”
In the play’s opening scene, Emily is painting a portrait of her husband. The picture is based on Diego Velázquez’s famous painting of Juan de Pareja, his slave of Moorish descent, which hangs today in New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art. “Her picture has a Muslim subject and the play ends with that Muslim subject finally seeing that painting,” notes Akhtar. “I think that between those two points is a journey that has to do with the Western representation of the Muslim. Perhaps the real reason for the outburst in the play might actually be the sense of being caught in these ways of being seen,” he offers. But, he adds, the “meta-levels” of the play may only reveal themselves upon later reflection. “I felt that maybe it was better for the audience to grapple with that and for me not to offer an answer that I didn’t have anyway. The thing that was most important was for the play to have a unified emotional primal impact.”
After completing the first draft of Disgraced, Akhtar wrote two other plays in quick succession within an eight-month period, each reflecting some aspect of the Muslim experience in the world. The second play, The Who and the What, which was produced Off-Broadway by Lincoln Center in New York (where Disgraced was originally presented in the fall of 2012), is a comedy about a daughter from an immigrant Muslim family in America who, much to the chagrin of her conservative father, is writing a book that humanizes the prophet Mohammed. The third play, The Invisible Hand, which opens next month Off-Broadway at the New York Theater Workshop, is a thriller about a white American banker who is held hostage by an extremist group in Pakistan. “It is a meditation on global finance and Islamic militancy, and the violence that both ideologies are wreaking on the world,” Akhtar explains. “The two ideologies are perhaps not equivalent but merit juxtaposition.”
Three completed plays and the novel American Dervish, all exploring some facet of the Muslim experience, are apparently enough already for his mother, says Akhtar with a smile. “She has been saying to me, ‘You have to stop it with this Muslim thing!’” But although his forthcoming new play is focused entirely on Wall Street and features Jewish and WASP protagonists, he is not done with his subject just yet. “I think I’m beginning to see a much larger picture of what I have been grappling with myself and with my community after writing these four works,” he says, revealing that he has three more works in the pipeline — two novels and a movie — that will also reflect and refract the influence of Islam.
How has the Muslim community responded to Akhtar’s work so far? “With perplexity,” he says with a shrug. “There are a lot of people who think I am airing dirty laundry in ways that are inappropriate, but I feel that self-criticism and self-mockery — being able to laugh at yourself, being able to share your foibles and your humor with the culture at large — is part of the larger process of becoming American.” He notes that in the middle of the last century, the work of certain Jewish artists raised questions about whether certain kinds of representation were good for the Jews. “It is similar to the questions about what’s good for Muslims and what is bad for Muslims. I think that is a very real concern — for a public relations person,” he adds. “But at the end of the day, I don’t know and I’m not sure that I care, because if I’m worried about what people think is good for Muslims, I can’t really ask the questions that I need to ask of myself as an artist.
Top Photo: Gretchen Mol, Hari Dhillon, Karen Pittman, Josh Radnor. Credit: Joan Marcus.
Last updated and effective as of January 14, 2019
Introduction and Your Acceptance of These Terms
Information We Collect
Information we collect directly from you: Your provision of your personal information to Us is completely voluntary; it is not a statutory or contractual requirement. Personally Identifiable Information (“PII”) is information that is uniquely identifiable to you, such as your name, address, email address, phone number, credit card number and other personal information that is not otherwise publicly available. Certain features of Our website may require that you provide Us with your personal information, including:
Mobile Alert Sign-Up (SMS)
Contact Us (email)
Public forums (e.g. message boards)
E-commerce (ticket purchases)
Your use of any of the features above;
New content on Our website;
News that We think may interest you about Us;
Responses to your questions/comments to us; and
Information relating to a ticket purchase.
We may use your demographic information for in house statistics, advertising and marketing target information. Our processing of your personal information is necessary for the performance and fulfillment of the contract between us and to provide you with Our services. We will also process, transfer, disclose and preserve personal information when We have a good faith belief that doing so is necessary, to resolve disputes, enforce our agreements and otherwise required by law. You can always opt-out of receiving future promotional communications from Us; see the Choice/Opt-out section below.Information We Collect Automatically: Even if you don’t use any of the features above, when you visit Our website, We may collect certain information about you.
From your Browser. For example, Our servers keep an activity log that tracks all visitors to the website. The information in the activity log does not identify you individually. The information collected may include among other data: your IP address, your registered domain or home server, time of access, date of access, web page(s) visited, number of clicks, software crash reports, type of browser used, session identification number, search terms, search results, access times and referring website’s address. We use your IP address to help diagnose problems with Our server and to administer Our website. Your IP address is also used to gather broad demographic information, such as country of origin and geographic location. We use such data in the aggregate to run internal analyses to improve upon your experience on Our website.
Tracking Tags (also known as “web beacons,” “action tags” or “single-pixel gifs”). Our website may also use tracking tags. Tracking tags are invisible graphics embedded in the pages of Our website that are programmed to collect non-personal information about your use of Our website. Like cookies, tracking tags provide overall usage patterns for Our website that We use for analysis and to provide personalized services and advertising content.
We comply with the Self-Regulatory Principles for Online Behavioral Advertising set forth by the Digital Advertising Alliance (DAA). You can opt-out of targeted advertising from certain providers at www.aboutads.info/consumers.
How We Use Your Personal Information
The personal information We collect allows Us to keep you posted on updates to Broadway Direct. It also helps Us to improve Our services, content, and advertising. If you don’t want to be on Our email list, you can opt out anytime by clicking the “unsubscribe” button or sending an unsubscribe email to [email protected]. From time to time, We may use your personal information to send transactional emails, such as communications about purchases and changes to Our terms, conditions, and policies. Because this information is important to your interaction with Broadway Direct, you may not opt out of receiving these communications. We may also use personal information for internal purposes such as auditing, data analysis, and research to improve Broadway Direct’s services, and customer communications. If you enter into a sweepstakes, contest, or similar promotion We may use the information you provide to administer those programs.
Information Collected By/Shared With Third Parties
Third Parties Doing Work for Us. Third parties have no rights to use any data We have collected on your behalf. However, We may employ other companies or individuals to perform functions on Our behalf, such as sending postal mail, email, and text messages, conducting sweepstakes/contests, prize fulfillment and promotional activities, analyzing data, providing marketing assistance, processing credit card payments and providing customer service. These outside suppliers, agents and vendors have access to your personal information only as needed to perform their functions.
Third Parties with Links from Our Website. From our website, you may be able to click on links to third party sites to buy tickets and merchandise and for other purposes. These third party sites may collect information, including personal information. We are not responsible for, nor do we have access to the information they collect. The collection of this information is governed by the privacy policies on the applicable third party sites.
Social Networking Services. Our website may integrate with social networking services. We do not control such services and are not liable for the manner in which they operate. While we may provide you with the ability to use such services in connection with our website, we are doing so merely as an accommodation and, like you, are relying upon those third party services to operate properly and fairly.
When necessary. We may also release personal information when we believe, in good faith, that such release is reasonably necessary to protect the rights, property or safety of Ourselves, Our clients, Our users, or others. We may disclose personal information about you to law enforcement, other government officials, or other third parties, as We, in our sole discretion, believe necessary or appropriate, in connection with an investigation of fraud, intellectual property infringement, or other activity that is illegal or may expose Us to legal liability.
Transactions With Third Party E-commerce Partners, Vendors and Advertisers
Delivery of Advertising and Other Content
In addition to ads and content that We may serve you directly, We use third-party advertising companies and marketing services companies to serve ads and other content when you visit Broadway Direct and elsewhere on the internet and in other media. Both We and these companies may use information about your visits to Broadway Direct and elsewhere to serve ads and other content to you. In the course of doing so, a unique third-party cookie may be placed or recognized on your browser by such companies. In addition, We and these companies may use Web beacons to help manage Our online advertising and content. These Web beacons enable Us and the third-party companies to recognize a browser’s cookie when a browser visits this Site and to learn which banner ads bring users to our website and to serve you ads that you may find of interest elsewhere on the internet and in other media. Both Broadway Direct and these companies may use information obtained from your visits to Broadway Direct or other websites, and information received from you offline in order to provide advertisements about goods and services and other content of interest to you across the internet and in other media. If you would like more information about this practice and to know your choices about not having this information used in this manner by Our third party advertising companies, please visit http://www.networkadvertising.org/optout_nonppii.asp and/or www.aboutads.info/choices. European users may opt out of receiving targeted advertising by visiting http://www.youronlinechoices.eu/. In addition, we may provide PII and Anonymous Information to marketing services companies. This may include information we received from you offline or online. These companies may combine information we provide (including PII and Anonymous Information) with personal and anonymous information they may have about you, using cookies they place or that We place on their behalf, as described in the section regarding “Cookies and Tracking Tags”. We require these companies to delete the PII we provide them. These companies may use the resulting non-personal information and such cookies for their own marketing purposes, and they may provide the same to their customers for their customer’s marketing purposes. Some of Our emails may contain tags that allow Us and Our advertisers and other partners to determine the types of content that may be of interest to you. Those tags may contain PII and may be shared with others to the same extent indicated in the section regarding “Cookies and Tracking Tags”. Those tags may not be deleted but you can opt out of receiving the emails.
Use of This Site by Children
The Site is not directed to individuals under the age of thirteen (13), and We request that such individuals do not provide personal information through the Site. If a parent or guardian becomes aware that his or her child has provided Us with PII without the parent or guardian’s consent by, for example, misrepresenting his or her age, that parent or guardian should contact us at [email protected]. If Broadway Direct determines that it has collected personal information of children under the age of 13, Broadway Direct will immediately delete such information and any accounts believed to be held by children under 13. In addition, we may not collect or process information from a citizen of an EU member state under the age of sixteen (16) without such person’s parental consent. If you are a citizen of an EU member state under the age of 16, please tell your parents that you are using the Site and have your parents email Us at [email protected] so that We may delete any information We may have collected about you.
California Civil Code § 1798.83 permits California residents to request information about whether we have disclosed personal information to any third parties for the third parties’ direct marketing purposes. California residents have the right to request in writing: (a) a list of the categories of Personal Information, such as name, email address and mailing address and the type of services provided to the customer that a business has disclosed to third parties (including affiliates that are separate legal entities) during the immediately preceding calendar year for the third parties’ direct marketing purposes and (b) the names and addresses of all such third parties. To make a request, please contact Us at the following email address: [email protected].
Rights of EU Data Subjects
If you are a resident of the European Union, under the GDPR, European Union residents, as data subjects, have the following rights:
Right to access – This right allows individuals to obtain confirmation as to whether or not personal information concerning him or her is being processed and provide access to such personal information. It also allows individuals to request details of the processing of his or her personal information, including, without limitation, categories of recipients to whom the personal information have been or will be disclosed and purposes of processing.
Right to rectify – This right allows individuals to rectify any inaccurate personal information about him or her.
Right to restrict processing – This right allows individuals to block or suppress processing of personal data under certain circumstances.
Right to be forgotten – This right is also known as the “right to erasure”. It is an individual’s right to have personal data erased or to prevent processing in specific circumstances.
Right of data portability – This right allows individuals to move, copy or transfer personal data from one place to another in a secure manner without interrupting the integrity and usability of the information.
Right to object to processing – This right allows individuals to object to certain types of processing, including direct marketing, profiling and providing for purposes of scientific or historical research and statistics.
An EU resident has the right to access his or her personal data that We hold and to ask that their personal data be corrected or erased and to port their data. An EU resident may also have the right to object to, or request that We restrict certain processing or to withdraw consent previously provided. If you would like to exercise your rights under the GDPR, please contact us at [email protected]. If you are an EU resident and have a concern about our processing of your personal data that we are not able to resolve, you have the right to lodge a complaint with the Data Protection Authority where you reside. For contact details of your relevant local Data Protection Authority, please see http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/article29/item-detail.cfm?item_id=612080
Security of Your Personal Information
Broadway Direct employs reasonable security measures consistent with standard industry practice, for personal information collected through this Site, including physical, electronic and operational measures to maintain security and prevent unauthorized access. While Broadway Direct takes all appropriate steps to safeguard personal information under Our control, unfortunately, no data transmission over the Internet or method of storing data can be guaranteed to be 100% secure. As such, We cannot guarantee that personal information supplied by users will not be accessed on Our servers, or intercepted while being transmitted to Us over the Internet. We assume no liability for any damages you may suffer as a result of interception, alteration or misuse of information during such transfers.
We will retain your information for as long as your account or inquiry is active and for a reasonable time thereafter in accordance with Our standard procedures or as necessary to comply with Our legal obligations, to resolve disputes, and to enforce Our agreements. Even if We delete some or all of your Personal Information, We may continue to retain and use aggregate or anonymous data previously collected and/or anonymize or aggregate your Personal Information. Please note that We will not be liable for disclosures of your data due to errors or unauthorized acts of third parties.
This Site provides users the opportunity to opt-out of receiving communications from Us, at any time, by email at [email protected], or by clicking the unsubscribe link in any email communication. The Site gives users the following options for removing their information from our database, to not receive future communications or to no longer receive our service, at any time.
Users can send mail to the following postal address: Broadway Direct 1501 Broadway 14th floor New York, NY 10036
Users can call the following telephone number: (800) 223-6715.
Users can opt-out of receiving future newsletter emails from Us by selecting the “unsubscribe” link at the bottom of our email. However, We are not responsible for removing your information from the lists of any third party who has previously been provided with your information or is collecting your information through their cookies. You have the right to withdraw your consent for Our processing for your personal information by contacting us at [email protected].
This website gives users the following options for changing and modifying information previously provided, at any time.
Users can send mail to the following postal address: Broadway Direct 1501 Broadway 14th floor New York, NY 10036
Users can call the following telephone number: (800) 223-6715
In the event that We are, or any component of our operations is, merged with, or is acquired by, another entity, then any such successor or acquiring entity may become the successor to Our obligations with respect to the personal information that you have provided to Us, which would be necessary for the entity to effectively continue our business. By using this website, you consent to any transfer and use of such personal information by an entity assuming control of Our operations as a result of a merger, purchase of assets, or liquidation in bankruptcy or insolvency.